Posts Tagged ‘MGCP’


I just finished up 2 weeks of a really great CCNP Voice bootcamp, covering all 5 of the latest 8.0 version exams from Cisco (CVOICE, CIPT1, CIPT2, CAPPS, & TVOICE). All in all we ended up with 62 completely brand-new hours of informative video that we are sure you will be excited to watch when they are posted to our streaming and download sites here in probably just about a week. We went fairly in-depth on most every topic, one of them being MGCP during our TVOICE section of class.

BTW, with this new 62 hours of CCNP Voice video, this brings INE to 320 hours of total CCNA-to-CCIE Voice video-on-demand training. Far, far more than any other vendor. And it is all up-to-date and taught by me, not by subcontracted instructors.

You may recall that in my last post related to MGCP Troubleshooting, we took a basic look at the MGCP commands that a Call-Agent (server) instructs a Gateway (client) to preform – something the RFC refers to as “verbs”.

In this post, we are going to take a look at the output of the “debug mgcp packets” command for a single call, and then break down each section of the output into “transactions” (i.e. Command and Response).

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Over the coming weeks I will be running a new series here on Troubleshooting Voice. I often have students in class that report to me that one of the most difficult parts of their CCIE Voice exam experience was having to deal with the inner workings of some of the protocols and how to read and decipher them accurately. I have also begun to see this more and more across the various mailing lists and forums, and so I decided it was time to start an entire series on these not-to-be-feared topics. Since these protocols are covered quite in-depth in the CCNP Voice course (most specifically in the CVOICE portion), I highly encourage people starting out in Unified Communications, not to skip the lower level courses, and to really dig in at that CCNA Voice and then CCNP Voice level, before going into the CCIE Voice. At each level something is presented that is not explained at the next level, so it really is crucial to go through each progression of the track in a sequential and systematic order. This goes especially for those who might already have a CCIE, and think they understand what the CCIE is all about. They probably understand very well what the exam itself is all about, however the underlying Voice technologies are quite vastly different than the data world they may be used to. In fact, I hear this quite a lot from people making the jump from a R&S IE to the Voice side of the realm – “Man, this Voice stuff is totally different!“.

To begin with, we will start out a bit easy, and go over the basics of everyone’s favorite client/server gateway protocol – MGCP or “Media Gateway Control Protocol”.

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The Cisco Unified Communications feature called Mobile Connect (also familiarly referred to as Single Number Reach) is truly a great feature of Unified Communications Manager, and can provide us with many efficiencies both in being able to be reachable just about anywhere, and in being able to be easily identified when placing inbound calls from our mobile phones into the CUCM cluster to our colleagues. As admins, we know that if we wish to have our users place calls from their mobile phones inbound to their colleagues inside the CUCM cluster, that we need to match up all or at least part of their inbound calling party number (CLID) to their CUCM Remote Destination. But what happens when what the carrier is sending CLID digits inbound to our IOS voice gateways that differs significantly from our Remote Destinations in CUCM, especially if we have truly embraced Cisco’s push toward true Globalization in v7.0, v8.0 & v8.5?

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