Posts Tagged ‘reply’
EIGRP is based on the concept of diffusing computations. When something changes in network topology, the routers that detect a loss of network prefix will send out EIGRP QUERY messages that propagate in circular waves similar to the ripples on water surface. Every queried router will in turn query its neighbors and so on, until all routers that knew about the prefix affected. After this, the expanding circle will start collapsing back with EIGRP REPLY messages. The maximum radius of that circle may be viewed as the query scope. From scalability standpoint, it is very important to know what conditions will limit the average query scope, as this directly impact the network stability. You may compare the “query scope” with the concept of flooding domain in OSPF or ISIS. However, in contrast with the link-state protocols, you are very flexible with chosing the query scope boundaries, which is a powerful feature of EIGRP.
There are four conditions that affect query propagation. Almost all of them are based on the fact that query stops once the queried router cannot find the exact match for the requested subnet in its topology table. After this the router responds back that the network is unknown. Based on this behavior, the following will stop query from propagation