Jan
24
Just ahead of our brand new CCNA Voice live online bootcamp beginning this Monday, I thought it might be nice to provide an easy-to-follow graphic for those starting out in Voice (or on any other Cisco networking track). This graphic was from last year, but remains quite easy to follow for each and every Cisco track. Read More
Sep
18
When we ask students “what are your weakest areas” or “what are your biggest areas of concern” for the CCIE Lab Exam, we typically always here non-core topics like Multicast, Security, QoS, BGP, etc. As such, INE has responded with a series of bootcamps focused on these disciplines. The IPv4/IPv6 Multicast 3-Day live, online bootcamp, and the associated Class On-Demand version seeks to address the often confounding subject of Multicast. Detailed coverage of Multicast topics for the following... Read More
Aug
30
One of the frequent questions I hear regarding L3VPNs, is regarding the bottom VPN label.  In this article, we will focus on the control plane that provides both the VPN and transit labels, and then look at the data plane that results because of those labels. In the topology, there are 2 customer sites (bottom right, and bottom left).  The BGP, VRFs, Redistribution, etc are all configured to allow us to focus on the control and data plane.   Lets begin by verifying that R1 is sourcing the... Read More
Aug
26
In this blog post we’re going to discuss the fundamental logic of how MPLS tunnels allow applications such as L2VPN & L3VPN to work, and how MPLS tunnels enable Service Providers to run what is known as the “BGP Free Core”. In a nutshell, MPLS tunnels allow traffic to transit over devices that have no knowledge of the traffic’s final destination, similar to how GRE tunnels and site-to-site IPsec VPN tunnels work. To accomplish this, MPLS tunnels use a combination of IGP learned information, BGP... Read More
Aug
21
One of the common questions that comes up is "Why does the router choose THAT route? We all know, (or at least after reading the list below, we will know), that BGP uses the following order, to determine the "best" path. So now for the question.   Take a look at the partial output of the show command below: Read More
Aug
16
Last week we wrapped up the MPLS bootcamp, and it was a blast!   A big shout out to all the students who attended,  as well as to many of the INE staff who stopped by (you know who you are :)).    Thank you all. Here is the topology we used for the class, as we built the network, step by step. The class was organized and delivered in 30 specific lessons. Here is the "overview" slide from class: Read More

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