Edit: Recordings of these video series are now available per the below links. Read More
Today launches the first of many of our new INE Video Blog series.  Our first video covers the advanced design issues with running Multicast and Auto-RP over NBMA networks such as Frame-Relay Hub-and-Spoke.  Specifically this video focuses on possible solutions such as sparse-dense mode, sparse-mode with auto-rp listener, sparse-mode with a default RP placement, and PIM Join issues related to point-to-point vs multipoint interfaces and their underlying IGP protocols. Read More
In this short article we'll take a look at Cisco IOS static multicast routes (mroutes) and the way they are used for RPF information selection. Multicast routing using PIM is not based on propagation of any type of multicast routes - the process that was used say, in DVMRP. Instead, router performs RPF checks based on the contents of unicast routing table, populated by regular routing protocols. The RPF checks could be classified as either data-plane or control-plane. Data-plane RPF check... Read More
I recently received an email from a student with a question about an example I did in our multicast bootcamp. After an hour into testing and drafting my email response, I realized this commonly misunderstood multicast design would make a great blog writeup! The original question is as follows: Dear Brian I am a customer of INE and bought the multicast bootcamp. Maybe I missed some important note, but I am confused related to the issue mentioned below. I am following the test bed you have shown... Read More
After working with the December 2010 London Bootcamp on Multicast for the better part of Day 4 in our 12-day bootcamp, I returned to the hotel to find the following post on my Facebook page - "Multicast is EVIL!" Read More
INE is proud to announce the release of our Multicast Class-on-Demand! Taught by myself, this 15-hour Class-on-Demand series covers IPv4 and IPv6 Multicast Routing on Cisco IOS, including both technology lectures and hands-on CLI examples. More information on the Multicast Class-on-Demand can be found here. Read More
When we ask students “what are your weakest areas” or “what are your biggest areas of concern” for the CCIE Lab Exam, we typically always here non-core topics like Multicast, Security, QoS, BGP, etc. As such, INE has responded with a series of bootcamps focused on these disciplines. The IPv4/IPv6 Multicast 3-Day live, online bootcamp, and the associated Class On-Demand version seeks to address the often confounding subject of Multicast. Detailed coverage of Multicast topics for the following... Read More
Abstract This publication illustrates some common techniques for troubleshooting multicast issues in IP networks. Common problems and their causes are discussed, troubleshooting techniques demonstrated. PIM Sparse mode is used for most of the examples, due to the fact that this is the most complicated mode of multicast signaling. The suggested troubleshooting approach separates control plane from data-plane troubleshooting and heavily relies on the mroute command for the control-plane... Read More
A pretty important topic that is very easy to overlook when studying multicast is the PIM Assert Mechanism.  After working with the TechEdit Team in the IEOC it is obvious that more than just a handful of students are confused about what this mechanism does and how it works. In this blog post (the first of many dedicated to multicasting), we will examine the PIM Assert mechanism and put this topic behind us in our preparation in mastering multicast. In Figure 1, R1 and R4 have a route to the... Read More
Hello everyone! I am updating Practice Exam 2 (In Progress) for the CCIE Written Exam Bootcamp in your Members's Site. I will be adding questions over the next couple of weeks. Currently, you will find some new Multicast Addressing/IGMP/MLD questions in there for your entertainment. I am focusing on Practice Exam 2 right now for two main reasons. 1) It is allowing me to address some deficiencies with Practice Exam 1 and the lectures, and 2) More and more students are using this bootcamp as a... Read More

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