Nov
24
Intro In this post we are going to discuss operations of the “traceroute” and “ping” command in MPLS environment. The reader is supposed to have solid understanding of MPLS VPN technologies, prior to read this document. Note the use of terms “MPLS ping/traceroute” which are interchangeable with “LSP ping/traceroute” The following is the testbed topology we are going to use for simulations. All PE/P routers are 7206s running IOS version 12.0(33)S. Unfortunately, MPLS ping and traceroute commands... Read More
Dec
28
First off we need to understand that traceroute is a technique to have the routers between the source and destination reveal themselves and finally have the destination reveal itself. Traceroute can be implemented using ICMP, UDP, and even TCP so as a CCIE when someone asks you to filter "traceroute" you should get a little background as to the traceroute application/OS's being used to trigger the reply from the destination. Example: Windows uses ICMP echoes by default, most Linux OS's use UDP... Read More

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